Project Assignment – Coronary Artery Disease
Your final course project is now due. This paper will include all of the components you have developed over the course, and it should also include changes suggested by your instructor. Proofreading and formatting are essential prior to submission.
The requirements for your Project include the following:
- Must be 6-8 pages.
- Must include an introductory paragraph that describes the entire project.
- The project must have all of the following: identification of the alteration in health (disease), the role nutrition plays in the prevention of this disease, its etiology, progression, treatment, recommended diet, type of nursing assessment and nursing interventions needed with regard to nutrition, outline of what should be included in client education and two strategies to help ensure adherence (overcome barriers) to the recommended diet.
- Must have a title page and an APA Editorial formatted Reference page with at least three scholarly peer reviewed references. There must also be appropriate APA Editorial formatted in-text citations.
- RISK FACTORS
- DIETARY MEASURES
- CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
Coronary Artery Disease is a term that refers to the effect of the accumulation of atherosclerosis plague in the coronary arteries that obstructs blood flow to the myocardium. Since coronary artery disease develops for decades, it’s not easy to notice until the victims develop a heart attack or a significant blockage. Note that, there are a plenty of activities one can do to treat and prevent spread of coronary artery disease, for example, living a healthy lifestyle prevents development of coronary artery disease (Mayo Clinic, 2016).
Coronary artery infection occurs after major blood vessels which supply blood, nutrients and oxygen to the heart are damaged or diseased. Such a damage occurs due to accumulation of cholesterol-containing deposits known as plaque to arteries. After the plaque builds up, it results to narrowing of coronary arteries, thus lowering the rate of blood flow in to the heart. The reduced rate of blood flow causes shortness of breath and chest pain as the first signs of coronary artery disease. A complete blockage of arteries results to heart attack. Among others names used to refers to Coronary artery disease (CAD) are: – ischemic heart disease (IHD), Coronary Heart Disease and Artery Hardening (Mayo Clinic, 2016).
The main signs and symptoms seen for individuals suffering fromCoronary artery infectionare: – Chest pain (angina), heart attack and shortness of breath. Moreover, some individuals suffering from CHD may have no symptoms and signs —a condition referred to as silent CHD. In such a case the infection is not diagnosed until such individuals develop signs of heart failure, heart attack or arrhythmia (an irregular-heartbeat) (Mayo Clinic, 2016).
CAD begins with the damage of the inner layer of a coronary-artery. CAD infection is facilitated by the following factors: – High blood pressure, smoking, diabetes and high cholesterol.
Individuals who smoke tobacco, or have high-blood pressure, obesity and have high cholesterol stand high chances of being infected with CAD. The major rick factors for CAD comprise of age and sex. Old people have high chances of being infected with CAD. Additionally, in terms of sex, men stand high chances of being infected compared to women, though women are at high chances immediately after menopause. Among the emerging risk factors for CAD are due to physical inactivity and high stress. Lastly, among the other factors involved with Coronary-Artery-Disease are obesity, overweight, alcohol use, preeclampsia which are believed to worsen all other risk factors (Mayo Clinic, 2016).
CAD leads to chest pain, heart failure, abnormal heart rhythm and heart attack.
Among the diagnosis tests carried for CAD are electrocardiogram (ECG), Stress Test, Echocardiogram and heart scan.
In terms of lifestyle changes, the infected individuals should quit smoking, alcohol drinking, avoid taking foods that are rich in cholesterol, exercise regularly and lose weight (Vera, 2013). Moreover, the infected individuals shouldtake drugs such as aspirin, cholesterol-modifying medications and beta blockers.
The recommended diet for individuals with CAD comprises of Mediterranean diet involving the plant-based foods like vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains and nuts.
Moreover, patients infected with CAD should have at least two to three nursing screening assessment. Nursing interventions should be put in place to counsel those with stress and poor diets to avoid the increasing cases of CAD (Vera, 2013).
CAD can be prevented through lifestyle changes for all people. Lifestyle changes involves quitting from alcohol and smoking, doing exercise, taking healthy foods that have less cholesterol and sodium and avoiding stress. Client education programs are used to create awareness to patients about dangers and risks associated with CAD.
Based on the above explanation, CAD is a deadly disease which can be treated through lifestyle changes. People should work hand in hand in fighting CAD diseases through encouraging lifestyle changes to each other such as quitting from alcohol and smoking, doing exercise, taking healthy foods that have less cholesterol and sodium and avoiding stress (Vera, 2013).
Mayo Clinic. (2016, May 16). Coronary Artery Disease. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/coronary-artery-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20350613
Vera, M. (2013, July 13). 4 Angina Pectoris (Coronary Artery Disease) Nursing Care Plans. Retrieved from https://nurseslabs.com/4-angina-coronary-artery-disease-nursing-care-plans/