Part one :- COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT (PowerPoint) & PRESENTATION Communities are viewed as living entities that are both healthy and thriving or in decline. This assignment focuses on one phase of the community nursing process:
Just as with an individual client’s health assessment of specific body systems, communities have systems that can be assessed to determine if
they are functioning to meet the health needs of the population.
• Each student will choose a community (town or city) on which to conduct an in-depth assessment. You will conduct a Windshield Survey, and gather data using The
Community Data Gathering Guide below. • Develop a PowerPoint or video presentation summarizing your findings. (Length: 15-20 slides)• Presenter notes must be included on each slide • APA format (Cite sources on slides and include a reference page at the end listing all your sources) • Minimum of 6 references required Community Data Gathering Guide: The core of the community is its people (population), characteristics and values/beliefs. In addition, every community is affected by
10 subsystems. Each of these must be addressed in your PowerPoint.
1. Physical Environment:• What are the boundaries of the community? • What is the climate, air, and water quality? • Describe the type and condition of the housing; what is the overall appearance of the neighborhoods? • Is there specialized housing available for low income, elderly and disabled populations? • How is waste collected/ disposed? Include information on sewage, industrial waste, and toxic chemicals.• What are environmental characteristics that pose health risks, potential for man-made or natural disaster?
2. Population:• Size, what is the stability over time?• Any significant changes in population size or characteristics?• What are predominant racial/ethnic, religious groups?• What is the age and gender breakdown of the population?
3. Economics:• Who are the major employers in the community?• What are the major occupations of the population >25 years of age?• What is the median income of the population (per household)?• What percent of the population falls below the poverty level?
4. Politics:• What is the type of government, political party in power?• Who are current officials, health officer?• What is access to government officials by the community residents?• Are there community meetings? Are they well attended?• What citizen groups are active? • Are residents satisfied with current conditions?• Is the community open to change?
5. Health/ Social Systems:• What are morbidity and mortality rates for this population? How do they compare with state and national rates? What are the three leading causes of death?• What type and number of health services/providers are available? Are they adequate for the population? Include acute care, specialized and long-term care
facilities.• What types of specialized services exist for complex needs of older adults?• What voluntary and non-voluntary emergency services are available?• What is the role of the Health Department? What health education/health screening services are available? How well are community health programs utilized?
6. Education:• Are there libraries in the community? Are they handicap-accessible?• How many schools are in the community? What grade level, public or private, what are enrollments?• Are there specialized educational facilities for developmentally disabled populations?• Are school programs culturally and linguistically appropriate for the population?• What are the educational levels of the population >25 years of age? 7. Safety/Transportation:• What is the rate of violent crime? Compare with the last five years, to other communities of similar size and characteristics, state and national average.• What are the characteristics of the fire and police departments, and Ambulance transport?• Is public transportation available, adequate?• Are shopping facilities available/adequate/accessible?
8. Communication:• How does the population learn about community events?• What television, radio and other communication systems (cable, etc.) serve the community?• What print media are available? Which is/are most commonly used by the residents?• Are communication systems effective? Does the population feel adequately informed?
9. Recreation:• What public recreation facilities are available?• What recreation activities does the community commonly use?• What recreation services are available and utilized by children, seniors, and disabled populations?
10. Religion:• What are the types of churches, houses of worship or faith-based organizations?• Is there more than one type of denomination or are most of the houses of worship for one type of religion?• Is religion important to the community?
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