NR 507 Midterm Exam (Version 4 Solutions)

1. Question : Which hepatitis virus is known to be sexually transmitted?

2. Question : Infants are most susceptible to significant losses in total body water because of an infant’s:

3. Question : What part of the kidney controls renal blood flow, glomerular filtration, and renin secretion?

4. Question : Which statement concerning exotoxins is true?

5. Question : An infant has a loud, harsh, holosystolic murmur and systolic thrill that can be detected at the left lower sternal border that radiates to the neck. These clinical findings are consistent with which congenital heart defect?

6. Question : Which hormone is required for water to be reabsorbed in the distal tubule and collecting duct?

7. Question : Which of the following is classified as a megaloblastic anemia?

8. Question : What process allows the kidney to respond to an increase in workload?

9. Question : What is the primary problem resulting from respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn?

10. Question : Which organ is stimulated during the alarm phase of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS)?

11. Question : Deficiencies in which element can produce depression of both B- and T-cell function?

12. Question : The lung is innervated by the parasympathetic nervous system via which nerve?

13. Question : A person with type O blood is considered to be the universal blood donor because type O blood contains which of the following?

14. Question : Which immunoglobulin (Ig) is present in childhood asthma?

15. Question : Hypersensitivity is best defined as a(an):

16. Question : The most common site of metastasis for a patient diagnosed with prostate cancer is which location?

17. Question : Erythrocyte life span of less than 120 days, ineffective bone marrow response to erythropoietin, and altered iron metabolism describe the pathophysiologic characteristics of which type of anemia?

18. Question : Which disorder results in decreased erythrocytes and platelets with changes in leukocytes and has clinical manifestations of pallor, fatigue, petechiae, purpura, bleeding, and fever?

19. Question : Apoptosis is a(an):

20. Question : Decreased lung compliance means that the lungs are demonstrating which characteristic?

21. Question : What is the primary site for uncomplicated local gonococci infections in men?

22. Question : Perceived stress elicits an emotional, anticipatory response that begins where?

23. Question : What is the life span of platelets (in days)?

24. Question : What is the life span of an erythrocyte (in days)?

25. Question : Which type of immunity is produced by an individual after either natural exposure to the antigen or after immunization against the antigen?

26. Question : Which drug may be prescribed orally for outbreak management of herpes simplex viral (HSV) infections?

27. Question : Which cardiac chamber has the thinnest wall and why?

28. Question : What is the direct action of atrial natriuretic hormone?

29. Question : What is the ratio of coronary capillaries to cardiac muscle cells?

30. Question : Which laboratory test is considered adequate for an accurate and reliable diagnosis of gonococcal urethritis in a symptomatic man?

31. Question : It has been determined that a tumor is in stage 2. What is the meaning of this finding?

32. Question : The only surface inside the nephron where cells are covered with microvilli to increase the reabsorptive surface area is called the:

33. Question : What physical sign is the result of turbulent blood flow through a vessel?

34. Question : Which statement best describes a Schilling test?

35. Question : An infant’s hemoglobin must fall below ___ g/dl before signs of pallor, tachycardia, and systolic murmurs occur.

36. Question : What is the final stage of the infectious process?

37. Question : When a patient has small, vesicular lesions that last between 10 and 20 days, which sexually transmitted infection is suspected?

38. Question : The risk for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) decreases for premature infants when they are born between how many weeks of gestation?

39. Question : In which primary immune deficiency is there a partial-to-complete absence of T-cell immunity?

40. Question : What is the role of collagen in the clotting process?

41. Question : How much urine accumulates in the bladder before the mechanoreceptors sense bladder fullness?

42. Question : The coronary ostia are located in the:

43. Question : What effect do natriuretic peptides have during heart failure when the heart dilates?

44. Question : Which term is used to identify the movement of gas and air into and out of the lungs?

45. Question : Innervation of the bladder and internal urethral sphincter is supplied by which nerves?

46. Question : What is the major concern regarding the treatment of gonococci infections?

47. Question : Which T-lymphocyte phenotype is the key determinant of childhood asthma?

48. Question : What is the most abundant class of plasma protein?

49. Question : Where are antibodies produced?

50. Question : What is the primary cause of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn?

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